Sjogren’s Syndrome: Strategies for Treatment


  • Arthur A.M. Bookman, MD, FRCPC Associate Professor of Medicine University of Toronto, Toronto, ON Coordinator, Multidisciplinary Sjogrens Clinic, University Health Network, Toronto, ON Chair, Medical Advisory Committee, Sjogrens Society of Canada


Sjogren’s syndrome, characterized by dry eyes, dry mouth, and immunological hyperactivity, has been one of the most difficult rheumatic diseases to differentiate and define. After many hours of consensus group development, studies on large cohorts/registries of over 1500 patients in totality and following national, European, American, and finally consensus iterations, criteria have been agreed upon for the classification of this disease. In the final analysis, these criteria are objective and accessible for measurement, and a number of them can be documented in clinical practice. To treat Sjogren’s syndrome effectively, it is important to rely upon objective evidence with respect to the diagnosis of this disease, as well as the specific component of the condition that one is attempting to manage. 

Author Biography

Arthur A.M. Bookman, MD, FRCPC, Associate Professor of Medicine University of Toronto, Toronto, ON Coordinator, Multidisciplinary Sjogrens Clinic, University Health Network, Toronto, ON Chair, Medical Advisory Committee, Sjogrens Society of Canada

Associate Professor Medicine, University of Toronto and Coordinator, Multidisciplinary Sjogren’s Clinic, University Health Network. Senior Staff Physician at the Toronto Western Hospital. Dr. Bookman has been honoured as a Master by the Canadian Rheumatology Association where he has been the recipient of the ‘Distinguished Rheumatologist’ Award. He was recognized as Rheumatologist of the Year, by the Ontario Rheumatology Association. He has received the “Award of Distinction” from The Arthritis Society. Dr. Bookman is a former President of the Canadian Rheumatology Association and has served as Chair, Board of Directors, The Journal of Rheumatology. He has been the Division Director, Tri-Hospital Rheumatic Disease Unit, and Program Director, Division of Rheumatology, University of Toronto. He has been inducted into the University of Toronto Academy of Master Clinicians. He has 53 peer reviewed publications with a special interest in the clinical aspects of Sjogren’s Syndrome. He holds multiple teaching awards and has lectured nationally and internationally. He has Chaired the Sjogren’s Abstract Committee of the American College of Rheumatology and the International Sjogren’s Conference. 


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How to Cite

Bookman AA. Sjogren’s Syndrome: Strategies for Treatment. Can Rheumatol Today [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 23 [cited 2024 Jun. 24];1(1):11–18. Available from: